Question: Where Do You Put Commas?

Where do commas typically go in a sentence?

Put commas between items in a list.

When giving a short and simple list of things in a sentence, the last comma (right before the conjunction–usually and or or) is optional, but it is never wrong.

If the items in the list are longer and more complicated, you should always place a final comma before the conjunction..

Is it grammatically correct to put a comma before and?

There’s no single rule that applies to all situations. You usually put a comma before and when it’s connecting two independent clauses. It’s almost always optional to put a comma before and in a list.

What are the 4 types of commas?

There are four types of comma: the listing comma, the joining comma, the gapping comma and bracketing commas.

What are the 8 rules for commas?

Commas (Eight Basic Uses) … USE A COMMA TO SEPARATE INDEPENDENT CLAUSES. … USE A COMMA AFTER AN INTRODUCTORY CLAUSE OR PHRASE. … USE A COMMA BETWEEN ALL ITEMS IN A SERIES. … USE COMMAS TO SET OFF NONRESTRICTIVE CLAUSES. … USE A COMMA TO SET OFF APPOSITIVES. … USE A COMMA TO INDICATE DIRECT ADDRESS.More items…

Should this sentence have a comma?

Generally, if the dependent clause comes second in a complex sentence, a comma is not used. I need to do the shopping, because there is nothing to eat in the house. … In the last example, the dependent clause was used before the independent clause, so a comma was placed in this complex sentence.

Can you put a comma after and?

The word and is a conjunction, and when a conjunction joins two independent clauses, you should use a comma with it. The proper place for the comma is before the conjunction. … Therefore, we need a comma before and. Don’t use a comma before and when one of the clauses it’s connecting is a dependent clause.

Do you put a comma after a year at the beginning of a sentence?

Dates. When a date consists of the day of the month followed by the year, the day of the month should be followed by a comma. … When the date appears in the middle of a sentence, commas should appear both before and after the year.

What are commas examples?

Use commas to separate words and word groups in a simple series of three or more items. Example: My estate goes to my husband, son, daughter-in-law, and nephew. Note: When the last comma in a series comes before and or or (after daughter-in-law in the above example), it is known as the Oxford comma.

When listing three things do you use a comma?

Oxford Comma (The Quick Answer) An Oxford Comma is a comma used before the last list item in a list of three or more items. When there are three or more list items, then those following “US convention” should use a comma (often called an Oxford Comma) with the conjunction (usually “and” or “or”).

Should I put a comma before the last item in a list?

Using a comma before the last item in a list is known as the Oxford Comma, sometimes the Serial Comma. It is used before conjunctions in a list like this with three or more items. Its use is purely written style and optional.

Can a sentence have two commas?

Warning! A comma cannot be used on its own to join two sentences. A comma only indicates a pause in a sentence; it can not join sentences without the addition of a co-ordinating conjunction. For example, these two sentences, whilst grammatically correct, would read better if joined.

Where do you put commas in a list?

When there are two items in a list, don’t use a comma to separate the list items (unless it helps your reader). If there are more than two list items, then those following US convention should use a comma before the conjunction (usually and or or).

Which is or that is?

The clause that comes after the word “which” or “that” is the determining factor in deciding which one to use. If the clause is absolutely pertinent to the meaning of the sentence, you use “that.” If you could drop the clause and leave the meaning of the sentence intact, use “which.”

How do you teach commas?

Goofiness is the key to teaching commas in a series. Create nonsensical lists with students that are school appropriate for school. You can also sneak in life lessons with practice sentences. Be sure to create a series for various types of lists: words, phrases, and clauses.

How do I know if my sentence is correct?

Microsoft Word, for example, will run a basic spell check and will correct basic punctuation errors. But that’s as far as it goes. It doesn’t check for proper sentence structure and it doesn’t check context. For example, if you use the wrong “there” a basic spelling check will show that the word is correct.